Scoliosis is an abnormal deviation of the spine with a rotational competent like the shape of the letters C or S. 

Types of scoliosis: 

  • Idiopathic:  It is common in adolescents (75%-80% of the cases ) female > male and  less common in infants and young children.

  • Congenital: Some bones that make up the spinal column (vertebrae) are shaped incorrectly from birth. During growth these can cause scoliosis.

  • Degenerative: Caused by the wearing down of the discs and joints in the spine. Usually affects older adults.

  • Neuromuscular: Caused by problems with the muscles or nervous system, such as cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, or spinal cord cysts (syrinx) or tumors.

  • Reactive or functional: Sometimes children who have back pain will bend their backs to the side in response to the pain. It goes away when the pain stops. In some cases it is a sign of a significant spinal problem.

  • Traumatic: Caused by a fracture of the spine.